Lectionary for July 1, 2018
Sixth Sunday after Pentecost, Series B, ESV
The steadfast love of the Lord never ceases, verse 22, alternate translation from the Hebrew, “Because of the steadfast love of the Lord, we are not cut off.”
my portion, verse 24, the author, Jeremiah, can claim God for himself as confidently as an heir asserts his right to his inheritance. Psalm 119:57, 142:5-7
It is good, verse 26, trials are sent by God for a wholesome purpose and should be borne with patient submission. Job 5:17-27; Psalm 37:7-9; Hebrews 12:6
bear the yoke, verse 27, undergo training as a young ox would and so learn the Lord’s discipline and ways. Matthew 11:29-30
sit alone in silence, verse 28, reflection of repentance, without complaint about what God has sent or allowed. Jeremiah 18:1-11
put his mouth in the dust, verse 29, see Job 42:1-6.
not willingly afflict, verse 33, God takes no sadistic delight in making His creatures miserable, but His compassion and steadfast love assure us that the pain does not last longer than necessary. Psalm 103:9; Jeremiah 3:12, 31:16-20; Hosea 11:8-9
In 2 Samuel 24 and 1 Chronicles 21, David took a census of all men capable of fighting, indicating a reliance on human power over God’s strength. As a consequence for this rebellion, a plague came on Israel, and 70,000 men died. In repentance, David bought land, built an altar, and offered a sacrifice to the Lord. This psalm was likely written to dedicate this land, the place where God’s temple would later be built.
extol, verse 1, – To praise highly; to lift up; to elevate; as to extol one’s virtues. As water from a well, the Lord has drawn David up from death and despair.
Sheol, verse 3, occurs 65 times in the Hebrew Old Testament and its meaning is still obscure. It can mean the resting place of mankind’s mortal remains, or the place where God’s judgement overtakes evildoers, but in this verse, it means “realm of dead,” into which all enter who depart this life, righteous as well as wicked. Psalm 16:10, 31:17, 89:48 reflect this meaning as well. the pit is a grave or death. David did not literally die but feared for his life before God spared him.
moment … lifetime, verse 5, portrays the distinction between Law and Gospel. God rightly condemns and punishes sin, but because of Christ’s work, His Gospel and favor continue forever.
In verse 6, David confesses he has sinful confidence in his wealth.
God hid, verse 7, His face, His blessing, away from David for a time. Deuteronomy 31:16-18 also talks about God hiding his face.
Regarding verse 11, though Egyptians mourned through dancing at funerals, Israelites danced for joyous occasions and in praise to God. Exodus 15:19-20; 2 Samuel 6:12-16; Jeremiah 31:1-4, 13
2 Corinthians 8:1-9, 13-15, Encouragement to Give Generously
grace, verse 1, not the typical use of this term, but mutual generosity among Christians as a specific fruit of God’s favor, perhaps with the particular sense of thank offering. churches of Macedonia, Paul planted Christian congregations in Europe during his second missionary journey, e.g., in Philippi, Thessalonica, and Berea. Acts 16:11-17:15
In verse 2, after Paul and Silas’s rough reception in Macedonia (Acts 16:16-17:15), their converts suffered a severe test in violent persecution. 1 Thessalonians 1:6-7, 2:14; 2 Thessalonians 1:3-4 abundance … overflowed, the Macedonia Christians were excessive in sacrificial generosity and joyful under duress. extreme poverty, Roman rule had earlier inflicted harsh economic repression on Macedonia, and its effect were perhaps still being felt at this time.
Regarding verse 3, see Mark 12:41-44.
relief of the saints, verse 4, the widespread famine predicted by Agabus (Acts 11:27-28) hit especially hard in Judea. Hence the immediate decision to send help (Acts 11:29-30). The pillar apostles endorsed this plan (Galatians 2:9), which Paul promoted as a major social ministry goal of his apostolate (Galatians 2:10; Romans 15:25-26; 1 Corinthians 16:1-3).
this act of grace, verse 6, the relief of the saints, verse 4.
In verse 15, Paul alludes to the gathering of manna in the wilderness (Exodus 16:13-18) to gently remind the Corinthians that their relative prosperity is not their own achievement but a pure gift of God (1 Corinthians 4:6-7). God’s action to equalize unequal portions indicates His intent that His children enjoy sufficiency, not luxury.
Mark 5:21-43, Jesus Heals a Woman and Jairus’s Daughter
rulers of the synagogue, verse 22, laymen responsible for the local house of worship.
In verse 25, the discharge of blood was likely a uterine hemorrhage. What were the lawful consequences of this woman’s condition? Leviticus 15:25-30
In verses 30, power … from Him, does not mean Jesus performed this miracle unaware or involuntarily. Luke 5:17, 6:17-19 Who touched My garments?, not an accusatory question but an invitation for the woman to confess her faith.
the woman … came in fear and trembling, verse 33, because her illness involved impurity and thus left her open to the charge that she had defiled Jesus by touching Him.
To be clear, in verse 34, the woman’s faith was not the main cause of her healing. Rather, her faith was the means whereby healing was received from the outpouring of Jesus’ power and grace. Luke 7:41-50
no one should know, verse 43, Jesus was likely exercising His authority to guide the spread of His popularity, which had brought Him into conflict with political and religious authorities. Mark 9:9-10; Matthew 8:1-4